Insurance Regulatory Capital


New Proposal Threatens Tier 1 Tax Status in The Netherlands

11th July 2018

The Dutch government is planning to eliminate tax deductions for coupons on the Tier 1 securities issued by banks and insurers, after the European Commission said that their tax treatment could raise state aid concerns.

Read the full article here

AM Best: Solvency II Adds Burdens and Limitations, Say Mutual Insurers at AMICE

7th June 2018

At the Association of Mutual Insurers and Insurance Cooperatives in Europe (AMICE) Congress 2018 in Stockholm, insurers said Solvency II regulations have required them to add resources and personnel, while limiting their ability to diversify

Read the full article here


How Will IFRS 17 Affect The Credit Quality of Insurers?

6th June 2018

The world’s insurance companies face the biggest change in accounting standards in perhaps 20 years – IFRS 17, which comes into force in 2021.

S&P expect some insurers to preemptively add to their capital buffers toward 2021 to prevent capitalisation from weakening.

Read their full article here


Investor appetite for high-value insurance M&A increasing – WTW

9th January 2018

The number of M&A deals may be set to decrease, but insurers and investors will increasingly be looking to snap up higher-value insurance acquisitions.

Are you planning to undertake an acquisition over the next year or two? IRC’s Solvency II eligible sub debt product is the ideal product to capitalise such growth ambitions. Additionally our LIBRA product provides capital flexibility to complete such transactions swiftly and efficiently.

Read the full article here


Solvency II drives demand for new Maiden Re product

12th December 2017

A new product launched by Maiden Re that allows insurers with limited access to the capital markets pre-committed access to subordinated debt funding will be particularly valuable to companies because regulations such as Solvency II force insurers to disclose their solvency ratio, according to the reinsurer’s CEO.

Read the full article here


MCR Shock – testing the strength of the SCR coverage ratio

15th November 2017

Under Solvency II, the SCR coverage ratio has become the de-facto measure of an insurer’s capital strength. But how reliable an indicator is it? Cat Drummond, Partner at LCP, explores the capital resilience of the top non-life insurers int he UK and Ireland by testing their SCR coverage ratio against an MCR shock.

Read the full article here


99 insurers sailing close to the wind

9th November 2017

Analysis of 1,600 solo firms collected and processed by Solvency II Wire Data reveals that 21 firms breached their SCR ratio as of 31 December 2016. This article gives an analysis of the lower end of the SCR ratio spectrum.

Read the full article here


Maiden Libra- a new way to balance risk and capital

1st November 2017

Libra is the well-known astrological symbol of balance. Patrick Haveron, President of Maiden Re, explains how Maiden Libra, it’s unique hybrid capital solution can help small to mid-size insurers keep their risk/capital balance in an increasingly tough and uncertain operating environment

Read the full article here 


Insurers plan greater exposure to private assets

20th October 2017

Insurers plan to shift their investment from public markets to private assets in an effort to boost profits while not adding risk to their portfolios

Read the full article here


EIOPA to Focus on Stress Tests, Data Disclosure in 2018

3rd October 2017

EIOPA will focus next year on carrying out stress-testing of firms, disclosing more information about their capital reserves and pushing more information into the public domain.

Read the full article here


Solvency II Wire: Topsy-Turvy SCR Ratios

4th July 2017

Daragh Clune, Chief Investment Officer at IRC, on why the Solvency II SCR ratio can sometime be higher than the MCR ratio.

Analysis of the Solvency II public disclosures in the German market (Solvency II Wire 14/6/2017) uncovered a number of firms with a lower MCR ratio (Minimum Capital Requirement) than SCR ratio (Solvency Capital Requirement). This is surprising given that the MCR is the lower of the two capital requirements and it would be expected that the MCR ratio would be higher (see The SCR: early warning system or panic button?).

Read the full article here


EIOPA publishes first Risk Dashboard under Solvency II

2nd March 2017

On 28 February 2017 EIOPA published its new Risk Dashboard for the first time since the implementation of the Solvency II regime. Although Solvency II implied a major change in the methodological framework for the calculation of the solvency capital requirements, the initial transition to the new regime appears to have gone smoothly. The results for the third-quarter 2016 show that the low-yield environment and market risks continue to be a major challenge for the European insurance sector according to EIOPA.
The dashboard is a quarterly publication summarising the main risks and vulnerabilities in the European insurance sector by using a set of indicators grouped into seven risk categories: macro risks, credit risks, market risks, liquidity and funding risks, profitability and solvency risks, interlinkages and imbalances risks and insurance (underwriting) risks. An additional category “market perceptions” gives insight on how the insurance industry is perceived by financial markets.

Read the full article here

EIOPA publishes results of 2016 Insurance Stress Tests 

21st December 2016

EIOPA published the results of their most recent stress test exercise on 15 December. These stress tests represent one of the regular supervisory tools that help to assess the resilience of the insurance sector to potential adverse market developments. The tests covered 236 life companies in 30 countries and the results were published on an aggregated basis rather than company by company.

Read the full article here

Are you ready for the Pillar 3 public disclosures under Solvency II?

23rd November 2016

The Pillar 3 disclosures will be made in 2017 but based on the year-end 2016 balance sheet. This imminent public disclosure has led to many firms starting to assess the adequacy of their capital levels, solvency and risk management while bearing in mind that their figures will be directly compared to that of their peer groups.

Read the full article here


A false dawn for restricted tier 1 debt?

13th October 2016

The market for restricted tier 1 debt was kick-started last month with an issue by Gjensidige, the Norwegian insurer, who sold NOK1bn in restricted tier 1 notes. Insurance Regulatory Capital discussed the market with Insurance ERM.

Read the full article here


Should you include Brexit in your Risk Register?

14th June 2016

The upcoming referendum in the UK on June 23rd to determine whether the UK will leave the EU will almost certainly impact either directly or indirectly on your business.

Read the full article here

Solvency II Ratios Move Into the Spotlight

23rd May 2016

According to Fitch, the rating agency, investors in insurance companies have begun to use SCR data to analyse not only the financial strength of the companies they have invested in, but also the efficiency of capital use and as a comparator to other companies in the sector.

Read the full article here

Long term capital partnerships create value

6th April 2016

Owners of insurers are now seeing the emergence of capital partners willing to provide a mix of eligible sub debt and collateralised quota share reinsurance over the long term.

Read the full article here


Fewer than half of EU insurers have a coordinated approach to capital management

30th March, 2016

Fewer than half of European insurers have a dedicated capital management department, according to Deloitte’s 2016 EMEA Capital Management in Insurance Survey. Optimising capital under solvency II will be the key area for capital management over the next 5 years.

Read the full report here


UK Non-Life results show impact of different underwriting risk strategies on SII

10th March, 2016

UK non-life insurance results highlight the significant impact that different investment and underwriting risk strategies have on Solvency II (SII) capital ratios, according to Fitch Ratings.

Read the full article here

Driverless cars likely to impact traditional capital structures of motor insurers

3rd March, 2016

Last week, the US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), wrote to Google, saying it will now consider the computer and software in ta self-driving car as the “driver”.

Read the full article here


EIOPA seeks to promote dialogue between Regulators and Audit Firms under Solvency II

16th February, 2016

On the 3rd of February, 2016 EIOPA published a consultation paper seeking views on facilitating an effective dialogue between auditors that carry out statutory audit of (re) insurance companies and the relevant Insurance Regulator.

Read the full article here


BoE insurance supervisor says EU capital rules off to smooth start

27th January, 2016

The introduction of new European Union rules forcing insurers to hold enough capital to protect policyholders has gone well though some tweaks will be needed, Britain’s top insurance regulator said on Wednesday.

There has been concern among regulators about potential volatility in insurance company shares as investors compare the solvency capital ratio (SCR), a new core benchmark of health, that insurers now have to publish.

Click here for more information


Challenges and opportunities for the insurance industry in 2016

18th January, 2016

In the regulatory world, we will be looking to see the agenda of a new FCA CEO, how Solvency II develops and settles and whether the international agenda of prudential regulation slows or speeds up

Click here for more information

Solvency II – Going Live!

1st January, 2016

On 1 January 2016, the new supervisory framework for insurance and reinsurance companies – Solvency II – has become applicable.​​​

Click here for more information


Solvency II and Mutuals; How 2016 will change the way mutuals are run

23rd December, 2015

The new capital regulation has left an indelible mark on mutual business models. This article assess the impact and asks what will happen after 1st Jan 20.

Read full report by Maiden Re and Global Reinsurance magazine here

The state of Solvency II transposition

21st December, 2015

On the eve of entry into force of Solvency II, Solvency II Wire can reveal the state of transposition of the Directive into national law.

Read the full report here

EIOPA provides update on consumer trends

15th December 2015

The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) published today its 4th annual Consumer Trends Report for the European Economic Area.

Read the full report here

Solvency II compliance imminent: Regulatory harmonisation delayed.

7th December 2015

While all European insurers are required to be compliant with the Europe wide risk-based system by January 1 2016, EIOPA has allowed Insurance Regulators significant leeway in both how and when they implement the new Solvency II standard.

Read the full article here 

More Progress on Solvency II decisions needed: ABI

30th November 2015

Faster progress on which countries are granted group equivalence under Solvency II is needed, said the Association of British Insurers (ABI).

Read the full article here

Publication of legislation transposing Solvency II into Irish Law

25th November 2015

On 4th November, The Minister for Finance signed the Statutory Instrument (S.I. 485 of 2015) which transposes the Solvency II Directive into Irish law.

Read the full article here


Reinsurance or Subordinated Debt? Why not both

20th November 2015

Under Solvency II the landscape changes dramatically, given that it can be a great help for insurance companies, particularly for small companies and mutual insurance companies, in their necessary commitment to increasing competitiveness and to reinforce and/or protect their solvency capital.

Read the full article on the round table event here


EIOPA and supervisory convergence – the beginning of a new journey

18th November 2015

Speech by Gabriel Bernardino, Chairman of EIOPA, at the 5th Annual Conference of EIOPA in Frankfurt

Read the full speech here


Bafin planning to gold-plate asset rules, insurers claim

13th November 2015

German insurers believe investment limits will be applied after 2016, despite expectations that Solvency II would sweep them away

Read the full article from here


Mesa Redonda De ‘Actualidad Aseguradora’ en colaboracion con Maiden

9th November 2015

Hasta ahora, las emisiones de deuda subordinada estan siendo un instrumento muy poco utilizado en nuestro pais para mejorar el capital.

Read the full article here


AM Best Report: European Insurance Markets Display Early Recovery Signs but Regulatory Issues Brew

2nd November 2015

Europe’s largest insurance markets have continued to show some signs of recovery, with many experiencing top-line growth. In general, the increases in total gross written premium (GWP) come following a number of years muted development and even decline, and there is a sense of optimism that this momentum will continue.

To read the full report login here


Sub-debt offers mid-sized insurers another capital option

21st October 2015

Oliver Tattan explains the benefits of subordinated debt to under Solvency II’s solvency capital ratio requirements

Read the full article here


Focus on Europe as Solvency II drives demand for capital solutions

19th October 2015

The EU’s incoming regime will make subordinated debt  a very attractive proposition for mid-size insurers

Read the full article here


Setting an Appropriate Target SCR Ratio

14th October 2015

Publishing SCR data will allow insurers in all Solvency II jurisdictions to be compared on exactly the same parameters.

Read the full article here


Update on EIOPA’s Action Plan 2016 and Way Forward for Colleges of Supervisors

8th October 2015

The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) has published today an updated Action Plan 2016 and Way Forward for Colleges of Supervisors.

Read the update here


EIOPA advises to set up a new asset class for high-quality infrastructure investments under Solvency II

29 September 2015

The proposed approach meaningfully reduces risk charges for qualifying infrastructure project investments in equity and debt.

Read the proposal here



Maiden Re looks to Europe

16 September 2015

From’s Rendez-vous Reporter: “Maiden Re’s collateralised reinsurance solutions are available throughout the EU to help insurance companies comply with the coming Solvency II requirements”, says Pat Haveron, President of Maiden Reinsurance.

Read the article here



Solvency II to feed subordinated debt demand

15 September 2015

From’s Rendez-vous Reporter: “Insurers have been advised by Regulators not to wait until the last minute before understanding their capital requirements and securing capital”, says Oliver Tattan, CEO of Insurance Regulatory Capital.

Read the article here


Capital Solutions for the Solvency II era

14 September 2015

From’s Rendez-vous Reporter: “As Solvency II takes effect, we believe our collateralised reinsurance offering will provide cedants with greater capital credit.”, says Pat Haveron, President of Maiden Reinsurance.

Read the article here


Maiden Re steers a specialist course

13 September 2015

From’s Rendez-vous Reporter: “The trend for industry consolidation may benefit Maiden Re as it allows the reinsurer to be more nimble than its competitors”, says Art Raschbaum, Maiden Re’s CEO.

Read the article here


“Crunch Time for European insurers on capital rules”, Financial Times

1 September 2015

“A long-awaited overhaul of financial safety standards is within sight, with far-reaching implications for the €8.4tn industry.”

Link to the FT article here


Oliver Tattan quoted in Bloomberg

26 August 2015

“There are more investors interested in this kind of product [subordinated debt], providing capital to insurance companies,” said Oliver Tattan, CEO of Insurance Regulatory Capital.

Read the full Bloomberg article here


“Concerns remain for captives under Solvency II but risk management benefits embraced”, AM Best

24 August 2015

Specialist insurers such as captives are ‘not well-catered for’ by Solvency II’s standard formula which is adding to the need for European captives to change the way they are managed, according to a new report by AM Best.

Read the article here from Commercial Risk Europe


“Vigilance in the run-up to Solvency II”, Insurance Day

19 August 2015

“With Solvency II just around the corner, the market is addressing a number of issues, not least whether the US, Bermuda and other jurisdictions will be granted reinsurance equivalence status in time, according to Martin Membery, one of London’s leading insurance regulatory, corporate restructuring and M&A lawyers.”

Read the article here


UK regulator publishes senior manager rules, August 17

18 August 2015

UK watchdog the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) has published its final version of the Senior Insurance Managers Regime (SIMR), which will introduce what experts have described as a far more complex set of rules for insurers.

The drivers for the new regime include the need to bring the UK in line with Solvency II, which comes into effect on 1 January 2016.

Click here for the article on Insurance Insider

Click here to view the latest news from the PRA


EIOPA published the user manual to complement the Solvency II risk-free interest rate (RFR) coding publication

29 July 2015

The User Manual contains the steps on how to carry out the calculations through the published RFR coding. Using the manual, the aim of the exercise is to collect input from stakeholders that would help improve the coding and spot possible errors.

Read more about the exercise here article [Dutch]: “Meer achtergesteld kapitaal bij verzekeraars”

27 July 2015

“Achtergestelde schulden komen in aanmerking als reglementair kapitaal onder Solvency II”

Read the article here [Note: article is in Dutch]


IRC’s response to EIOPA note: “Need for high quality public disclosure on solvency”

22 July 2015

EIOPA recently published a note (found here) on the need for high quality public disclosures by insurers of their financial health parameters, particularly their SCR coverage.

Read IRC’s full response here

To read the article in Deutsch: klicken Sie bitte hier


Sub debt approved as regulatory capital for mutual insurers

Subordinated debt is a prudent approach for mutual insurance companies seeking to ensure judicious capital management and maintenance. It is a structural and long term solution for a mutual’s capital requirements.
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The case for subordinated debt

With the advent of Solvency II, it is imperative that executive management considers more carefully their company’s access to sources of capital. Insurance Regulatory Capital offers capital solutions through acting as a conduit between insurers and investors.
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How sub debt can fulfil regulatory requirements under Solvency II

Subordinated debt has been pre-approved by European Insurance Regulators to function as regulatory capital under Solvency II. Priced lower than equity but with many similar qualities, cash is transferred directly to the issuing insurer’s balance sheet.
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